A complex network of interconnected organs and systems in your pet’s body ensures well-being and health. In typical cases, the problem manifests in one area but affects other organs. This makes the symptoms challenging to comprehend. And while several conditions can be treated, animals with chronic diseases frequently need ongoing care throughout their lives.
Due to these reasons, this field of medicine has become one of the broadest and most diverse within veterinary medicine. Internal medical specialists in veterinary medicine are taught to consider the complete picture when making treatment and diagnosis decisions for the patients they treat.
What kind of disorders do vet internists treat?
Internal medicine is among the most varied and comprehensive areas of veterinary medicine. A vet internist can diagnose a sick pet when baseline testing fails, typical treatments fail, or the disease is not responding to treatment. The various conditions that vet internists address include the following.
1. Infectious Diseases
Because of their contagious nature and often catastrophic consequences, infections such as parvo and canine influenza need to be treated promptly. In the end, hospitals generally have an isolation unit with specially qualified staff to avoid disease spread.
2. Liver Ailments
The liver is a vital organ in blood clotting, digesting, and getting rid of toxins, which may become affected by hepatic diseases. Most liver diseases can be treated or, at a minimum manageable. Heredity and age are two potential causes of liver diseases in dogs and felines.
Still, there are more factors to consider, including localized infections or trauma, medication as well as diabetes, an unhealthy diet, or untreated heartworms. You can visit facilities like a veterinary laboratory for tests and diagnosis of your pet’s disorder.
3. Kidney Disorders
It is the kidneys’ responsibility to remove blood and protein wastes, then break them down and flush them out via urine; they also regulate the body’s fluid, salt, and acid levels and help keep the number of red blood cells in the body in check. Kidney stones, infection genetics, and cancer are the most frequent culprits.
Cats and dogs cannot get dialysis or organ transplants with the help of vet surgery. As a result, treatment is confined to easing symptoms.
4. Gastrointestinal Issues
Pain, dehydration, acid-base and electrolyte imbalances, and malnutrition are all symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases that affect the stomach and intestines. Although there are many different kinds, there are a few typical triggers to bear in mind: eating human foods, having an allergy or intolerance to food, and being infected or lacking digestive enzymes.
5. Heart and Vascular Problems
Certain cardiovascular conditions, such as hypertension and heart failure, may require close monitoring and periodic evaluations with modern methods, like cardiac ultrasonography, which can detect possible complications early. You can consult facilities like Coral Breeze Animal Hospital for your pet’s overall wellness and tests.
6. Pulmonary Conditions
Conditions like asthma or pneumonia and other respiratory problems can affect the levels of oxygen present in your pet’s blood if they are not adequately treated. Specialists in veterinary internal medicine can administer oxygen therapy continuously or control patients’ breathing if needed.
7. Endocrine Disorders
Numerous external factors can affect the levels of hormones, making it challenging to treat diseases like Cushing’s disease, diabetes, Addison’s thyroid disorders, and others that require hormone synthesis and management.